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Guide to Dependency Court – For Parents


Posted by Jomo Stewart | Feb 14, 2024 | 0 Comments

YOU MUST KNOW THIS The CPS social worker has other options rather than removing your children from your home. First, the CPS social worker can make referrals for services to a family and NOT file a Petition. Second, the CPS social worker can offer “voluntary” services and NOT file a Petition ...

Detention Hearing

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jan 31, 2024 | 0 Comments

Detention Hearing   The first hearing in a Juvenile Dependency case is called a “Detention Hearing.” A Detention Hearing is held when a child is removed from the home of one their parents or a guardian. At a Detention Hearing, the Juvenile Judge determines whether the child will be further deta...

What is "FM"?

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Dec 12, 2023 | 0 Comments

What is “FM”   “FM” is an acronym for Family Maintenance.   Family Maintenance are services provided or arranged for by CPS in order to keep children in their own homes.   Family maintenance services such as parenting class and counseling are provided to kids that are in the Dependency syst...

What is “FR” (Family Reunification Services)

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Dec 11, 2023 | 0 Comments

What is “FR” (Family Reunification Services) “FR” stands for Family Reunification services. The purpose of Family Reunification services is to reunify children with their parents after they have been removed from the parent due to abuse or neglect. Family Reunification services usually include s...

Spanking your kids!

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Feb 19, 2023 | 0 Comments

Under California Law, a Parent may use “reasonable and age-appropriate spanking to the buttocks if there is no evidence of serious physical injury.” (Welf & I C §300(a))  If you are a Parent and you decide to spank your child, we strongly suggest that you not Spank your child with ANY object suc...

CPS Social Worker Investigation

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jan 12, 2023 | 0 Comments

When children come to CPS's attention, the Social Worker is solely responsible for determining whether to start Juvenile Dependency proceedings.  Welfare & Institution Code §328 states:  “If the social worker has cause to believe that there was or is within the county, or residing in the county...

CPS Division 31 Manual

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jun 15, 2022 | 0 Comments

KNOW YOUR RIGHTS #5  Did you know that CPS Social Workers have to abide by certain California State Regulations? These state regulations are called the “California Department of Social Services Manual, Division31.” This is commonly referred to as the “Division 31 Manual.” Be assured that most So...

Who are Mandated Reporters?

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jun 10, 2022 | 0 Comments

Have you ever wondered who exactly are Mandated Reporters?  California Penal Code section 11165.7 defines or list the persons who are Mandated Reporters. Please be aware that the nice “CASA” Volunteer (Court Appointed Special Advocate) is a Mandated Reporter also!  In addition, Be Aware that “a...

Positive Toxicology in Babies (Pos Tox Babies)

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jun 07, 2022 | 0 Comments

Positive Toxicology Babies (Pos Tox Babies)  A positive toxicology screen for drugs or alcohol in a newborn baby is not in and of itself sufficient for a CPS Referral or CPS Report for child abuse or child neglect (California Penal Code Section 11165.13)  However, many Hospitals make a CPS Refe...

Anyone can report to CPS

Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jun 05, 2022 | 0 Comments

KNOW YOUR RIGHTS ANYONE can make a CPS Report against YOU to CPS even if it is not true. Moreover, under California law, the person making the report can remain anonymous. (Penal Code section 11167) Therefore, it is common that people make false reports to CPS, especially when there are Divorce ...


Posted by Jomo Stewart | Jun 01, 2022 | 0 Comments

PURPOSE OF THE CALIFORNIA DEPENDENCY SYSTEM  The objective of California Dependency System is to provide for the protection and safety of every child under the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court and to preserve and strengthen the family ties whenever possible, removing children from the custody o...


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